Trial document




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  DRKS00021757

Trial Description

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Title

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Symptoms of Obessive Compulsive Disorder

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Trial Acronym

COVID-OCD

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URL of the Trial

[---]*

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Brief Summary in Lay Language

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder suffer from obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions. Typical fears concern contamination or infection and typical actions include cleaning or washing. During the COVID-19 pandemic, public containment policy and hygiene measures may have high impact on symptoms obsessive-compulsive disorder. The present study investigates which changes of obsessive-compulsive symptoms patients of a university outpatient unit for psychotherapy experience and how the changes correlate with further impairments. The investigation uses a newly developed self-report questionnaire that asks for changes in OCD symptoms and further mental, physical or social impairments.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

In the media as well as in scientific debates it is assumed that the COVID-19 pandemic and the connected public containment measures may have a substantial impact on the mental health of the population (Rajkumar, 2020). Experts predict that people with pre-existing mental disorders will be specifically affected by the pandemic (Yao et al., 2020). This applies particularly to people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; Kumar & Somani, 2020). It seems likely that fear of contamination and linked washing or cleaning rituals may be intensified by the perceived risk of infection or the advised hygiene measures. Other typical OCD symptoms (checking, ordering, magical thinking) also might be influenced by the pandemic or by public containment measures. However, type and extent of this possible impact is yet unknown. In this study, data from 70 patients of a university outpatient unit for psychotherapy who have received the primary diagnosis of OCD will be assessed. On the basis of recent models regarding dimensionality of OCD (Schulze, Kathmann, & Reuter, 2018) a short questionnaire (37 items) was developed, representing all known dimensions (contamination, responsibility, taboo thoughts, incompleteness) on three levels (obsessions, compulsions, avoidance) of OCD symptoms. Patients are asked to rate for each dimension and level whether and in which way the described symptom has changed since the beginning of the extensive public containment measures. Moreover, participants rate pandemic-associated statements regarding anxiety, depressive symptoms, specific fear of COVID-19, as well as social and economic impairments. Finally, patients are asked to indicate what caused most emotional pressure to them personally during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to explore possible alterations of OCD symptoms and further mental, physical and social impairments for OCD patients since the COVID-19 pandemic or the associated public containment measures. Further, the relationship between the possible alterations and other clinical and demographic variables (e.g. symptom severity, comorbidity, age, gender, education) will be explored.

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Do you plan to share individual participant data with other researchers?

Yes

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Description IPD sharing plan:

The data will be shared at the time of a first publication (within three years after beginning of the study). The way of sharing will be specified at the time of publication.

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00021757
  •   2020/05/19
  •   [---]*
  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   2020-27, Berlin - Ethik-Kommission am Institut für Psychologie an der Humboldt-Universität
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Secondary IDs

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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   F42 -  Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  •   U07.1 -  Emergency use of U07.1
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   Questionnaire exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on OCD patients on a waiting list for cognitive behavioral therapy
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Characteristics

  •   Non-interventional
  •   Observational study
  •   Single arm study
  •   Open (masking not used)
  •   [---]*
  •   Uncontrolled/Single arm
  •   Diagnostic
  •   Single (group)
  •   N/A
  •   N/A
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Primary Outcome

Exploration of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with OCD using a questionnaire

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Secondary Outcome

none

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • other 
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Recruitment

  •   Planned
  •   2020/05/22
  •   70
  •   Monocenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   18   Years
  •   no maximum age
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

Primary diagnosis Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

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Exclusion Criteria

suicidal tendency,
psychotic disorder (ICD-10 F2, except F21),
substance dependency (lifetime),
substance abuse (last 3 months before admission),
Borderline personality disorder,
neurological disease,
total score of < 12 on the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS)

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Addresses

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    • Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie, Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • Mr.  Dr.  Benedikt  Reuter 
    • Rudower Chaussee 18
    • 12489  Berlin
    • Germany
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    • Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie, Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • Mr.  Dr.  Benedikt  Reuter 
    • Rudower Chaussee 18
    • 12489  Berlin
    • Germany
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    • Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie, Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • Mr.  Dr.  Benedikt  Reuter 
    • Rudower Chaussee 18
    • 12489  Berlin
    • Germany
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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Lehrstuhl für Klinische Psychologie,Insitut für Psychologie,Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
    • Mr.  Dr.  Benedikt  Reuter 
    • Rudower Chaussee 18
    • 12489  Berlin
    • Germany
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Status

  •   Enrolling by invitation
  •   [---]*
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

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* This entry means the parameter is not applicable or has not been set.