Trial document





This trial has been registered retrospectively.
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  DRKS00016349

Trial Description

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Title

Promotion of physical activity-related health competence in physical education

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Trial Acronym

gekos

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URL of the Trial

https://uni-tuebingen.de/fakultaeten/wirtschafts-und-sozialwissenschaftliche-fakultaet/faecher/fachbereich-sozialwissenschaften/sportwissenschaft/institut/arbeitsbereiche/bildungs-und-gesundheitsforschung-im-sport/forschung/laufende-forschungsprojekte/foerderung-bewegungsbezogener-gesundheitskompetenz-im-sportunterricht-gekos/

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Brief Summary in Lay Language

Chronic diseases represent a major health problem in modern society. Therefore, the acquisition and development of physical activity-related health competence (PAHCO) is significant. PAHCO comprises motor, cognitive, and motivational elements, empowering individuals to initiate and carry out health-enhancing physical activities. Physical education (PE) at school represents an ideal setting to promote competences for a healthy and physically active lifestyle. This aim poses significant challenges for PE lessons, as both motor and cognitive-reflexive partial competences are to be increasingly developed in connection with the competence orientation in current education plans for the subject of sport (e.g. in Baden-Württemberg, 2016). This randomized controlled trial investigates to what extent a health and physical fitness intervention program of six PE lessons, including running and jumping activities (intervention group A) or small-sided ball games (intervention group B), can promote 9th graders' PAHCO. Both intervention programs are dealing with the topic of physical fitness and health and combine theory and practice. Trained PE teachers carry out the intervention classes. At the same time teachers of the control group teach regular PE lessons dealing with running and jumping activities (control group A) or games (control group B). The study is conducted in 48 classes that are randomly allocated to the different study groups. Six PE lessons were developed and evaluated together with PE teachers in the lead-up of the study. Students are tested prior to the study (pre-test), after the intervention period (post-test) and an 8-12 week follow-up. Students have to pass a physical fitness test and fill out surveys (health-related fitness knowledge test, self-assessment scales) to measure the effect on PAHCO. Different process variables were assessed during the intervention period to evaluate the quality of intervention implementation.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

Chronic diseases represent a major health problem in modern society. Therefore, the acquisition and development of physical activity-related health competence (PAHCO) is significant. PAHCO comprises motor, cognitive, and motivational elements, empowering individuals to initiate and carry out health-enhancing physical activities. Physical education (PE) at school represents an ideal setting to promote competences for a healthy and physically active lifestyle. This aim poses significant challenges for PE lessons, as both motor and cognitive-reflexive partial competences are to be increasingly developed in connection with the competence orientation in current education plans for the subject of sport (e.g. in Baden-Württemberg, 2016). However, there is currently a lack of evaluated PE programs linking theoretical and practical elements. With that in mind this randomized controlled trial investigates to what extent a health and physical fitness intervention program of six PE lessons, including running and jumping activities (intervention group A) or small-sided ball games (intervention group B), can promote 9th graders' PAHCO. Both intervention programs include learning tasks dealing with the topic of physical fitness and health and combine theory and practice. Trained PE teachers carry out the intervention classes. At the same time teachers of the control group teach regular PE lessons dealing with running and jumping activities (control group A) or games (control group B). The study is conducted in 48 classes that are randomly allocated to the different study groups. Six PE lessons were developed and evaluated together with PE teachers in the lead-up of the study. Students are tested prior to the study (pre-test), after the intervention period (post-test) and an 8-12 week follow-up. Students have to pass a physical fitness test and fill out surveys (health-related fitness knowledge test, self-assessment scales) to measure the effect on PAHCO. Different process variables were assessed during the intervention period to evaluate the quality of intervention implementation.

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Do you plan to share individual participant data with other researchers?

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Description IPD sharing plan:

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00016349
  •   2019/01/10
  •   [---]*
  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   2017_0825_78, Kommission für Ethik in der psychologischen Forschung, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Tübingen
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Secondary IDs

  • [---]*
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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   Promotion of physical activity-related health competence to initiate and perform physical activity.
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   Intervention groups receive six PE lessons differing only in the type of physical activity (running and jumping activities (intervention group A) vs. small-sided games (intervention group B)). Contents and methods are fully described in a manual. The six PE lessons focus on health and physical fitness, and practical and theoretical elements are linked within five learning tasks.
  •   PE teachers of the control group teach their regular lessons with running and jumping activities (control group A) or games (control group B).
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Characteristics

  •   Interventional
  •   [---]*
  •   Randomized controlled trial
  •   Blinded
  •   investigator/therapist
  •   Active control (effective treament of control group)
  •   Prevention
  •   Parallel
  •   N/A
  •   N/A
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Primary Outcome

This study examines to what extent six PE lessons in the intervention groups (intervention A/B) lead to a higher acquisition of PAHCO (physical activity-related health competence) compared to regular PE classes of the control groups (control group A/B). Components of PAHCO are assessed at three time points (pre-test, post-test, after 8-12 week follow-up). In detail intervention effects on health-related fitness knowledge (performance test), control competence for physical training (self-report measurement), as well as strength (DMT – Deutscher Motorik Test) and endurance tests (Shuttle-run-test) are recorded.

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Secondary Outcome

/

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • [---]*
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Recruitment

  •   Actual
  •   2017/09/14
  •   1248
  •   Multicenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   no minimum age
  •   no maximum age
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

Secondary schools ('Gymnasium), 9th graders, school located in Baden-Württemberg

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Exclusion Criteria

PE as a major, PE teachers have not completed their degrees

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Addresses

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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Wilhelmstraße 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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    •   [---]*
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    •   [---]*
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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Gorden  Sudeck 
    • Wilhelmstr. 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Oliver  Höner 
    • Wilhelmstraße 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Ansgar  Thiel 
    • Wilhelmstraße 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Ms.  Stephanie  Haible 
    • Wilhelmstr. 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sportwissenschaft der Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
    • Ms.  Carmen  Volk 
    • Wilhelmstr. 124
    • 72074  Tübingen
    • Germany
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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft e.V.
    • Kennedyallee 40
    • 53175  Bonn
    • Germany
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    •   [---]*
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    •   [---]*
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Status

  •   Recruiting complete, follow-up complete
  •   2019/05/26
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

  •   Haible, S., Volk, C., Demetriou, Y., Höner, O., Thiel, A., Trautwein, U., & Sudeck, G. (2019). Promotion of physical activity-related health competence in physical education: study protocol for the GEKOS cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 396. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6686-4
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* This entry means the parameter is not applicable or has not been set.