Trial document




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  DRKS00014912

Trial Description

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Title

The influence of anger and sadness rumination on frustration induced external aggression and auto aggression: An analog study

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Trial Acronym

ASRA

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URL of the Trial

[---]*

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Brief Summary in Lay Language

Rumination is a form of coping that is related to depressive diseases as well as to aggressive behavior. There are two subgroups of rumination: anger and sadness rumination. Questionnaire surveys show that sadness rumination is more related to depressive symptoms whereas anger rumination is more related to external aggression, but their respective influence on autoaggressive behavior has not yet been adequately tested. A better understanding of these relations could be useful for the therapy of depressive symptoms and suicidality. In this study, healthy participants are supposed to ruminate about past annoying or sad events. Additionally, there is a control group that does not ruminate about negative events. The extent of the participants’ autoaggressive or external aggressive behavior that follows a subsequent frustration is measured.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

Questionnaire studies have shown that anger and sadness rumination are strongly associated. Both factors are correlated with external aggression as well as with depressive symptoms. Considering both factors at the same time, anger rumination (but not sadness rumination) explains an independent proportion of variance of external aggression. There is a contrary pattern referring to depressive symptoms. Experimental studies refer to an increased external aggressive behavior after instructions of rumination. Previous experimental studies did not differentiate anger and sadness rumination. Autoaggressive behavior as well as a differentiation between active and passive forms of aggression have also not been taken into consideration so far. This analog study investigates the respective influence of anger and sadness rumination on both, active and passive, external and internal aggressive behavior after a frustration. As measures of active, passive, external and internal aggression, adaptions of the Competitive Reaction Time Task are applied.

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00014912
  •   2018/11/07
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  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   18-11, Ethikkommission der Fakultät Empirische Humanwissenschaften und Wirtschaftswissenschaften Universität des Saarlandes
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Secondary IDs

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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   F32 -  Depressive episode
  •   Aggressive Behavior
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   Healthy participants (students) run through a manipulation that induces anger rumination. Before and afterwards, external and internal aggressive behavior is ascertained via an adaption of Competitive Reaction Time Task.
  •   Healthy participants (students) run through a manipulation that induces sadness rumination. Before and afterwards, external and internal aggressive behavior is ascertained via an adaption of Competitive Reaction Time Task.
  •   Healthy participants (students) run through a control task where they answer questions that do not show any rumination specific features. Before and afterwards, external and internal aggressive behavior is ascertained via an adaption of Competitive Reaction Time Task.
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Characteristics

  •   Non-interventional
  •   Other
  •   Other
  •   Blinded
  •   patient/subject
  •   Other
  •   Basic research/physiological study
  •   Parallel
  •   N/A
  •   N/A
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Primary Outcome

The primary endpoints are the group differences in the extent of aggressive behavior depending on the induced rumination style.
External aggression and autoaggression are measured by adaptions of the Competitive Reaction Time Task. The aggressive behavior will be measured before and after the manipulation of the Rumination style.

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Secondary Outcome

Relationship between questionnaire measures of symptom burden (Beck Depressions-Inventar, Brief Symptom Checklist) and rumination style (Sadness and Anger Rumination Inventory) with the experimental measures of aggressive behavior. The Survey will be conducted as online Survey. The online survey takes place in the weeks bevor and after the experiment.

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • other 
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Recruitment

  •   Actual
  •   2018/11/07
  •   72
  •   Monocenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   18   Years
  •   no maximum age
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

Psychology student

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Exclusion Criteria

Beck Depression-Inventory score > 12

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Addresses

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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Universität des SaarlandesKlinische Psychologie und Psychotehrapie
    • Ms.  Prof. Dr.  Tanja  Michael 
    • Campus, Geb. A1.3
    • 66123  Saarbrücken
    • Germany
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Status

  •   Recruiting ongoing
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

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* This entry means the parameter is not applicable or has not been set.