Trial document




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  DRKS00009241

Trial Description

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Title

"Five A's counseling in weight management of obese patients in primary care: A cluster-randomized controlled trial (INTERACT)."

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Trial Acronym

INTERACT-study

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URL of the Trial

http://isap.uniklinikum-leipzig.de/isap.site,postext,ag-public-health,a_id,1653.html

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Brief Summary in Lay Language

The primary health care setting is considered as one major starting point in successful weight management. General Practitioners (GPs) are among the first to be contacted when secondary diseases and comorbidities arise. In addition, it has been shown that GPs advice to lose weight is a strong motivator for patients to engage in weight management strategies. However, research indicates insufficient quality of weight counseling in primary care due to negative attitudes towards obese patients and a lack of self-efficacy in weight counseling.
In this project, the efficiency of an internet based learning program for providers aiming at the improvement of obesity management will be examined in a sample of GPs. The internet based learning program was developed based on the 5A’s guidance for obesity management by the Canadian Obesity Network. For the present study the 5A’s guidance for obesity management has been worked up as online tutorial for German GPs. It is planned to implement the online tutorial in co-operating primary health care practices and evaluate its effectiveness by assessing patient’s and doctor’s perspective on characteristics of weight counseling.
For the present study patients with obesity will be recruited in cooperation with GP practices. Thus, the participating GP practices will be randomly allocated to an intervention group (GPs with access to the 5A online tutorial) and a control group (GPs without access to the 5A online tutorial).
Patients of both groups will fill out questionnaires regarding doctor-patient-interaction, quality of life, the course of weight development, self-stigma and readiness to engage in weight management at three different assessment points (immediately after recruitment, after 6 months, after 12 months).
GPs will fill out questionnaires regarding their counseling behavior, stigma concerning obesity, knowledge about obesity as a chronic condition and satisfaction with that knowledge at two different assessment points (immediately after recruitment and before access to the online tutorial, after 12 months).
Changes over time of outcome measures will be compared between intervention group and control group.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

This project aims to implement and evaluate the internet based learning program “5A Adipositas Management” (The 5A’s of obesity management) to improve weight counseling within the German primary health care setting.
The 5A’s of obesity management specifically focus at health care providers and were developed by the Canadian Obesity Network analog to the 5A Model of smoking cessation. The Five A’s of obesity management cover recommendations on how to discuss weight with the patient (“ASK"), assess obesity related risks and causes of weight gain (“ASSESS”), advise on treatment options (“ADVISE”), agree on weight loss expectations and treatment plan (“AGREE”) and assist the patient in the ongoing process of losing weight (“ASSIST”). For the present study the 5A’s guidance for obesity management has been implemented as online tutorial for German GPs.
The study design is a cluster-randomized controlled trial, in which approximately 20 recruited general practitioners (GP) will be randomized to an intervention group (IG: GPs with access to the 5A online tutorial) and a control group (CG: GPs without access to the 5A online tutorial). The study furthermore aims at including approximately 134 study patients in the study sample in cooperation with these GP practices. Patients will fill out questionnaires regarding doctor-patient-interaction, quality of life, the course of weight development, self-stigma and readiness to engage in weight management at three different assessment points (immediately after recruitment, after 6 months, after 12 months). GPs will fill out questionnaires regarding their counseling behavior, stigma concerning obesity, knowledge and satisfaction with that knowledge about obesity as a chronic condition at two different assessment points (immediately after recruitment and before access to the online tutorial, after 12 months).
Changes over time of outcome measures will be compared between IG and CK.

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00009241
  •   2016/02/03
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  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   248-15-13072015, Ethikkommission an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Universität Leipzig
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Secondary IDs

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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   E66 -  Obesity
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   Treatment as usual in primary care plus access of GPs to an internet based learning program on obesity management (“5A Adiposity Management”).
    The Five A online tutorial comprises five modules (“Ask”, “Assess”, “Advise”, “Agree”, “Assist”) and a quiz (learning check) at the end and takes approximately 25 minutes to complete.
    The online tutorial covers recommendations on how to discuss weight with the patient (“Ask”), assess obesity related risks and comorbidities (“Assess”), advise on treatment options (“Advise”), agree on weight loss expectations and treatment plan together with the patient (“Agree”) and assist the patient in the ongoing process of losing weight or maintaining weight loss (“Assist”).
  •   Waiting list: Treatment as usual in primary care, GPs get access to the 5A online tutorial after the trial
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Characteristics

  •   Interventional
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  •   Randomized controlled trial
  •   Blinded
  •   patient/subject, data analyst
  •   Active control (effective treament of control group)
  •   Treatment
  •   Parallel
  •   N/A
  •   N/A
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Primary Outcome

Change in doctor-patient-interaction, assessment via questionnaire Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) at start of study (baseline), after 6 months (follow-up 1) and after 12 months (follow-up 2)

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Secondary Outcome

Patients: Weight-management (BMI), quality of life (EQ-5D), stages of change of patients to engage in weight management strategies (Readiness Ruler, Stages of Change), self-stigma (WBIS), depression (PHQ9); Assessment at 3 points in time (start of study, after 6 months and after 12 months)

Physicians: influence on physicians knowledge about obesity, stigma (Fat Phobia Scale), satisfaction of general practitioners with their counseling behavior regarding weight management; Assessment at 2 points in time (start of study, after 12 months)

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • Doctor's Practice 
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Recruitment

  •   Actual
  •   2016/02/03
  •   134
  •   Monocenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   18   Years
  •   60   Years
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

Patients: BMI ≥30, German as native language

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Exclusion Criteria

Patients: BMI <30, acute physical or mental illness that require immediate care and make study participation impossible according to the GP

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Addresses

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    • Institut für Sozialmedizin, Arbeitsmedizin und Public Health (ISAP)
    • Philipp-Rosenthal-Straße 55
    • 04103  Leipzig
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sozialmedizin, Arbeitsmedizin und Public Health (ISAP), Universität Leipzig
    • Ms.  Franziska  Welzel 
    • Philipp-Rosenthal-Str. 55
    • 04103  Leipzig
    • Germany
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    • Institut für Sozialmedizin, Arbeitsmedizin und Public Health (ISAP), Universität Leipzig
    • Ms.  Franziska  Welzel 
    • Philipp-Rosenthal-Str. 55
    • 04103  Leipzig
    • Germany
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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
    • D-10117  Berlin
    • Germany
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Status

  •   Recruiting complete, follow-up complete
  •   2017/09/13
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

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* This entry means the parameter is not applicable or has not been set.