Trial document





This trial has been registered retrospectively.
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  DRKS00005679

Trial Description

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Title

Online- versus face-to-face-couselling – a comparison addressing procrastination

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Trial Acronym

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URL of the Trial

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Brief Summary in Lay Language

Aim of the current research ist to compare probable impact factors that differentially underly the effectiveness of a counselling conducted online or face-to-face. Target participants are students suffering from chronical procrastination.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

Our planned research addresses a comparison between online and face-to-face counselling. Former research found online counselling to be comparable with the classical face-to-face setting (see Barak, Hen, Boniel-Nissim, & Shapira, 2008; Cuijpers, Donker, van Straten, Li, & Andersson, 2010, for topical meta-analyses) and the quality of the therapeutic relationship was also found to be comparable (Andersson, et al., in press; Preschl, Maercker, & Wagner, 2011). Though, little is known about the differences between online and face-to-face-counselling as online comunication differs significantly from the classical setting. Online communcation may be caracterized by a signal reduction (Kächele, 2008), a stronger idealization of the conversational partner (Bargh, McKenna, & Fitzsimons, 2002) as well as by more self-disclosure (Suler, 2004). Our project wants to add to the literature by working out impact factors underlying online counselling in contrast to face-to-face counselling.

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00005679
  •   2014/01/28
  •   [---]*
  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   [---]*, Düsseldorf - Ethikkommission für non-invasive Forschung am Menschen der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
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Secondary IDs

  • [---]*
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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   procrastination
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   online counselling via Skype (one session lasting 1 1/2 hours; follow-up after one week and after 6 months)
  •   face-to-face counselling (one session lasting 1 1/2 hours; follow-up after one week and after 6 months)
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Characteristics

  •   Interventional
  •   [---]*
  •   Randomized controlled trial
  •   Open (masking not used)
  •   [---]*
  •   Active control (effective treament of control group)
  •   Treatment
  •   Parallel
  •   N/A
  •   N/A
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Primary Outcome

Procrastination: German version of the Academic Procrastination State Inventory (APSI; Helmke & Schrader, 2000; engl. version: Schouwenburg, 1995);

Depression: German Version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (ADS; Hautzinger & Bailer, 2012; engl. version: CES-D; Radloff, 1977);

Measuring times: Pre-test, post-test after one week, follow-up after 6 months

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Secondary Outcome

German version of the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI; Wilmers, et al., 2008; engl. version: Tracey & Kokotovic, 1989);

Impact factors of psychotherapy according to Grawe: Stundenbögen (Flückiger, Regli, Zwahlen, Hostettler, & Caspar, 2010);

Client's conception of the counsellor: visual analogue scales;

Measuring time: directly after the session;

Emotions counting out of the transcripted answers of the client: Inguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC; Pennebaker, Francis, & Booth, 2001; Wolf, et al., 2008)

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • Doctor's Practice 
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Recruitment

  •   Actual
  •   2013/03/08
  •   60
  •   Monocenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   18   Years
  •   65   Years
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

- enrolled students;
- suffering from chronical procrastionation

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Exclusion Criteria

- suspected severe depression: German version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale CES-D (Hautzinger & Bailer, 2012) --> Cut-off > 22

- suspected attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD: ADHD screening for adults (Schmidt & Petermann, 2009) --> Cut-off > 38

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Addresses

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    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Abt. Klinische Psychologie
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Reinhard  Pietrowsky 
    • Universitätsstr. 1
    • 40225  Düsseldorf
    • Germany
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    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Abt. Klinische Psychologie
    • Ms.  Dr.  Annika  Gieselmann 
    • Universitätsstr. 1
    • 40225  Düsseldorf
    • Germany
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    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Abt. Klinische Psychologie
    • Ms.  Dr.  Annika  Gieselmann 
    • Universitätsstr. 1
    • 40225  Düsseldorf
    • Germany
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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Abt. Klinische Psychologie
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Reinhard  Pietrowsky 
    • Universitätsstr. 1
    • 40225  Düsseldorf
    • Germany
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Status

  •   Recruiting complete, follow-up complete
  •   2014/04/15
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

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