Trial document




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  DRKS00000531

Trial Description

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Title

Polypharmacy as a result of multiple chronic conditions of older people: rational therapy with the new FORTA classification?

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Trial Acronym

[---]*

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URL of the Trial

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Brief Summary in Lay Language


Polyphramacy, overtreatment, and undertreatment with drugs are frequent in older subjects. Since there are no guidelines for the management of this problem, the newly developed FORTA (fit for the aged) classification was created to support the clinical decission making of pharmacological treatment in old age. However, the FORTA classification was never tested in clinical practice.


In the current study, the medication will be reviewed by the criteria of the new FORTA classification in a sample of geriatric in-hospital patients. Treatment will be adjusted then accordingly in one patient group (cluster I). In a second cluster of patients, pharmacological treatment is applied according to good clinical practice. Furthermore, all prevalent diseases were recorded and checked whether they are adequately treated.

The aim of the study is to estimate the impact of the application of the FORTA classification on the quality of pharmacological prescription in a sample of older in-hospital patients.

A second aim is to identify and quantify pharmacological overtreatment and undertreatment.

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Brief Summary in Scientific Language

Cluster randomized study in 400 geriatric clinic patients with review of current medication based on the new FORTA classification, recording of all prevalent diseases and assessing of the need of treatment. Adjustment of the medication according to FORTA in one patient cluster, continuing the medication in the second patient cluster according to the rules of good meidcal practice.

The main outcome of the study is the extent of the effect of applying FORTA on pharmacotherapy by comparing treatments between the two custers.
A second aim is to identify over- and undertreatment of diseases and comparison of the frequencies between both clusters.

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Organizational Data

  •   DRKS00000531
  •   2010/09/15
  •   [---]*
  •   yes
  •   Approved
  •   2010-273N-MA, Medizinische Ethik-Kommission II Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg
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Secondary IDs

  •   U1111-1116-6958 
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Health Condition or Problem studied

  •   eligible for the study are patients of a geriatric unit with numerous co-morbid conditions.
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Interventions/Observational Groups

  •   Review and adjustment of medication according to the FORTA criteria
  •   Continue the medication according to guidelines and Good Medical Practice
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Characteristics

  •   Interventional
  •   [---]*
  •   Randomized controlled trial
  •   Single blind
  •   patient/subject
  •   Active control
  •   Health economics
  •   Parallel
  •   N/A
  •   [---]*
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Primary Outcome

The FORTA classification encompasses four classes of drugs. Drugs with well documented evidence for the elderly constitute the classes A and B, drugs with limited evidence constitute the class C. Drug of the class D should be avoided in the elderly.

The aim of the study is the statistical measurement of the difference in the distribution of medication at discharge according to the four classes of FORTA between the two patient groups (clusters).

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Secondary Outcome

Statistically comparisone of the the two clusters regarding
Number of untreated disease
Number of diseases overtreated

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Countries of Recruitment

  •   Germany
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Locations of Recruitment

  • [---]*
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Recruitment

  •   Actual
  •   2011/11/28
  •   400
  •   Multicenter trial
  •   National
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Inclusion Criteria

  •   Both, male and female
  •   65   Years
  •   100   Years
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Additional Inclusion Criteria

informed consent given,
stable clinical condition,
no palliative condition

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Exclusion Criteria

missing informed consent,
palliative clinical condition,
unstable clinical condition,
need of intensive care unit (ICU) treatment

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Addresses

  • start of 1:1-Block address primary-sponsor
    • Institut für klinische Pharmakologie Mannheim Universität Heidelberg
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr.  Martin  Wehling 
    • Maybachstraße 14
    • 68169  Mannheim
    • Germany
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    • Kliniken Essen Mitte Zentrum für Altersmedizin
    • Mr.  Dr.  Helmut  Frohnhofen 
    • Am deimelsberg 34a
    • 45276  Essen
    • Germany
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    • Institut für klinische Pharmakologie Universität Heidelberg-Mannheim
    • Mr.  Prof. Dr. med.  Martin  Wehling 
    • Maybachstraße 14
    • 68169  Mannheim
    • Germany
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    • Kliniken Essen Mitte Zentrum für Altersmedizin
    • Mr.  Dr. med.  Helmut  Frohnhofen 
    • Am Deimelsberg 34a
    • 45276  Essen
    • Germany
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Sources of Monetary or Material Support

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    • Institut für klinische Pharmakologie Mannheim Universität Heidelberg
    • Mr.  Prof. dr.  Martin  Wehling 
    • Maybachstraße 14
    • 68169  Mannheim
    • Germany
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    • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
    • Kennedyallee 40
    • 53175  Bonn
    • Germany
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Status

  •   Recruiting ongoing
  •   [---]*
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Trial Publications, Results and other Documents

  •   Frohnhofen H, Michalek C, Wehling M. Assessment of drug treatment in geriatrics with the new FORTA criteria Dtsch Med Wschr 2011; 136(27): 1417-1421
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* This entry means the parameter is not applicable or has not been set.